Quiz on SDG 13 “Climate Action”

Let’s take a fun quiz on understanding more about SDG 13, which pertains to Climate Action.

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Q. 1 Who among the following was one of the awardees of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics, which was awarded to pioneering climate scientists who laid the foundations for understanding of the role of human activities and greenhouse gases in climate change?

Answer Detail: The Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 was awarded "for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex systems" with one half jointly to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming" and the other half to Giorgio Parisi "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."

Q. 2 Who among the following is NOT the most vulnerable to the health risks caused by climate change?

Answer Detail: Children, especially those living in poor countries are among the most vulnerable to the resultant health risks of climate change and prone to be exposed longer to the health consequences. Health effects are also expected to be more severe for elderly people and people with infirmities or pre-existing medical conditions.

Q. 3 Which of the following gases is responsible for the major effect on warming of the climate?

Answer Detail: Carbon Dioxide accounts for 80% emissions of greenhouse gases which are responsible for the warming effect on the climate. It is especially harmful in the global warming context because it continues to remain in the atmosphere for centuries and in the oceans for even longer.

Q. 4 Where was the COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference held in 2021?

Answer Detail: The COP 26 UN Climate Change Conference, hosted by the United Kingdom in partnership with Italy, took place from October 31 2021 to November 12 2021 in Glasgow, Scotland, UK. The previous two conferences i.e. COP 25 and COP 24, were respectively held in Madrid, Spain and Katowice, Poland.

Q. 5 Which organization, in its report, warned that the world would achieve only 20% of the emissions cuts needed by 2030 in order to achieve the goal of net zero emissions by 2050?

Answer Detail: The International Energy Agency (IEA) published its report titled “World Energy Outlook 2021” in October 2021. This report indicates that today’s pledges cover less than 20% of the gap in emissions reductions that needs to be closed by 2030 to keep a 1.5 °C path within reach.