Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
The third Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)

Good Health & Well Being

Aims to “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”.

Let's learn a little more about SDG 3.

  • Targets 13 Targets
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  • Overview
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  • Targets

Why Is It Important To Ensure Healthy Lives And Promote Well-Being For All At All Ages?

Health is a universal basic right and affects one’s ability to lead a happy, fulfilling life. Denial of access to basic health care can have far reaching consequences. Further, without healthy people, the goal of a peaceful and sustainable society cannot be realized. Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being is important to building prosperous societies. Healthy people are the foundation for healthy economies.

What Progress Has Been Made So Far In Terms Ensuring Good Health & Well Being Of All?

Progress has been made in some areas such as reducing the child and maternal mortality rate and the spread of communicable diseases. For example, the World Health Organization announced in August 2020 that Africa is now free from wild poliovirus, leaving just two countries where the disease remains, Afghanistan and Pakistan. However, many areas are still lagging behind and healthcare disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic could reverse decades of improvement. 

How Do We Look At The Goal Of Good Health & Well Being?

Health is not merely the absence of illness. In the words of Soka Gakkai International President Daisaku Ikeda, who shares: “Health is not simply the absence of illness. Real health is the will to overcome every form of adversity and use even the worst of circumstances as a springboard for new growth and development. Simply put, the essence of health is the constant renewal and rejuvenation of life.” 

Even if people are not afflicted with an illness of the body, they may be struggling with an illness of the mind. And if they have overcome the illness of the mind as well, then the most important question to focus on is - how many people are leading value creating life each day to help and support others to lead a life of happiness and well being? This is the underlying spirit of SDG 3 - to leave no one behind - to build good health and develop a state of well being not just for oneself, but for many others as well.

How Can I As An Individual Apply Sustainable Human Behaviour To Achieve These Targets For SDG 3 To Help Achieve The Goal Of Good Health & Well Being?

  • Start by promoting and protecting your own health and the health of those around you, by making well-informed choices, practicing safe sex and vaccinating your children, as well as encouraging all others to get vaccinated as well.
  • Raise awareness in your community about the importance of good health, healthy lifestyles as well as people’s right to quality health care services, especially for the most vulnerable such as women and children.
  • Say no to drugs.
  • Encourage pharmacological, psychosocial and rehabilitation and aftercare services for substance use disorders.
  • Practice responsible drinking.
  • Educate and empower others in your environment (domestic workers, laborers, etc) about the harmful effects of substance abuse and alcohol.
  • Drive carefully, follow all road and safety protocols etiquettes and prevent road rage.
  • Maintain daily calm and cool behavior and practice meditation.
  • Be mindful of not contributing to air, water, or soil pollution – intentionally or unintentionally – at home, neighborhood, workplace or while commuting.
  • Be mindful of unsafe WASH services (water, sanitation and hygiene) – ensure consumption of safe water, practice safe sanitation and hygiene for yourself and others – practice proper use of washrooms – be it public / at home, as well as educate and empower others about safe WASH services.
  • Educate yourself and others about unhealthy lifestyle, harmful effects of poisonous air / water / soil.
  • Take care of your cardiovascular health; do regular health check ups for cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory disease.
  • Take care of your mental well-being, practice meditation, reduce anxiety and stress.
  • Check in on others and their mental well-being from time-to-time.
  • Use the power of your voice to ask businesses to make the choices and changes that will make Good Health & Well Being a reality. 
  • Join the conversation, whether on social media platforms or in your local communities.

Did You Know These Facts About SDG 3 – Good Health & Well Being?

Targets For SDG 3 – Good Health & Well Being Set By The United Nations

  • By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births.

    Target 3.1
  • By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.

    Target 3.2
  • By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.

    Target 3.3
  • By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.

    Target 3.4
  • Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol.

    Target 3.5
  • By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents.

    Target 3.6
  • By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes.

    Target 3.7
  • Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.

    Target 3.8
  • By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination.

    Target 3.9
  • Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate.

    Target 3.A
  • Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and noncommunicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all.

    Target 3.B
  • Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States.

    Target 3.C
  • Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks.

    Target 3.D

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