Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
The ninth Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)

Industries, Innovation & Infrastructure

Aims to “Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”.

Let's learn a little more about SDG 9.

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  • Overview
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Why Is It Important To Build Resilient Infrastructure, Promote Sustainable Industrialization and Foster Innovation?

In the present day and age, infrastructure and industries, coupled with the increasing reach of the internet and technology, have become a major driving force towards economic growth, social development, climate action and many other major initiatives. Since there is a major shift in the manner of working of the world at large, industrialization and economic growth have become more crucial than ever before. A renewed emphasis on sustainability towards infrastructure, industrialization and innovation helps a long way towards making opportunities accessible for all and leading major change towards a more dynamic and sustainable world. 

The need to create sustained economic growth to improve the standard of living of millions was already an urgent necessity before COVID-19, however, now with the extensive disruptions in livelihoods and supply chains created by the pandemic, the need to accelerate the generation of employment and income while creating the infrastructure needed for providing basic utilities like clean water, energy, communication, and access to health care has greatly deepened.

Dynamic economic progress holds the key to address the challenges highlighted by several of the SDGs...

Dynamic economic progress holds the key to address the challenges highlighted by several of the SDGs. Here, increasing investments in key industries and technologies especially in developing countries would be vital towards creating economic growth that is accessible and beneficial for all. Apart from the economic aspects, creating jobs and employment is fundamental to human dignity and is vital in elevating the sense of self-worth of the individual to contribute to the growth of their society. 

Together with industry, infrastructure too plays a vital role in both creating employment and enabling access to vital necessities. Basic infrastructure like roads, information and communication technologies, sanitation, electrical power and water remains scarce in many developing countries. In 2019, some 87 percent of people in developed countries used the Internet, compared with just 19 per cent in the least developed countries.

The pandemic has also revealed a wide gap in the access to digital mediums and internet-based techno...

The pandemic has also revealed a wide gap in the access to digital mediums and internet-based technologies, increasing the disparities in access to education and livelihood. According to the International Telecommunication Union (United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies) although there has been a strong growth in the access to the internet across the globe, with the number of people across the world who have used the internet surging from about 4.1 billion in 2019 to 4.9 billion in 2021, a staggering proportion of the world population, about 2.9 billion people have never used the internet, 96 percent of which are in developing countries. Moreover, even among those who are counted as internet users, many hundreds of millions have very limited access.

SDG 9 while focusing on the growth of industry and infrastructure emphasizes the need for sustainability and innovation. Considering that all industrial and developmental activity is strongly related to environmental impacts including climate change, there is also an urgent requirement for innovation which creates sustainable growth and decouples economic activity and environmental impacts.

Reference: UN


What Progress Has Been Made So Far In Terms of Building Resilient Infrastructure, Promote Sustainable Industrialization and Foster Innovation?

  • Investment in research and development globally – as well as financing for economic infrastructure in developing countries – has increased.
  • Impressive progress has been made in mobile connectivity with almost the entire world population (97 percent) living within reach of a mobile cellular signal.
  • Carbon intensity in manufacturing industries declined at an annual rate of nearly 3% from 2010, thus showing a general decoupling of CO2 emissions and GDP growth. 
  • Official flows overall for economic infrastructure in developing countries reached $59 Billion in 2017, an increase of 32.5% in real terms since 2010. 

Why Should We Care About Building Resilient Infrastructure, Promoting Sustainable Industrialization and Fostering Innovation?

Inclusive and sustainable industrialization, coupled with innovation and infrastructure, has the potential to unleash dynamic and competitive economic forces that generate employment and income. They play a very important role in introducing and promoting new technologies, facilitating international trade and enabling efficient use of resources. The growth of new industries leads to improvement in the standard of living for many people. When industries pursue sustainability, there will be a positive effect on the environment.  Technology driven industries, innovation and infrastructure has the potential to drive sustainable human behaviour like never before. 

Besides, failing to improve infrastructure and promote technological innovation could translate into poor health care, inadequate sanitation and limited access to education.


How Can I As An Individual Apply Sustainable Human Behaviour To Achieve These Targets For SDG 9 To Help Achieve The Goal Of Industries, Innovation & Infrastructure?

  • Empowering as many people as one can by educating them on the use of the internet and technological gadgets.
  • Learn more about the impacts of sustainability on industry and how it affects our lives.
  • Value and support local businesses
  • Our choice matters - consider products that have lower environmental impacts
  • Support green practices and sustainable infrastructure by opting to recycle used materials
  • Before upgrading consider donating used electronics

Did You Know These Facts About SDG 9 – Industries, Innovation & Infrastructure?

Targets For SDG 9 – Industries, Innovation & Infrastructure Set By The United Nations

  • Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all.

    Target 9.1
  • Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries.

    Target 9.2
  • Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets.

    Target 9.3
  • By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities.

    Target 9.4
  • Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending.

    Target 9.5
  • Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.

    Target 9.A
  • Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities.

    Target 9.B
  • Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020.

    Target 9.C

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