Quiz on SDG 16- Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Take this quiz to understand more about SDG 16 - Peace, Justice & Strong Institutions.

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Q. 1 There are three basic principles that continue to set UN peacekeeping operations apart as a tool for maintaining international peace and security. Which of these is NOT one of them?

Answer Detail: The UN peacekeeping operations may use force at the tactical level, with the authorization of the Security Council, only if acting in self-defence and defence of the mandate.

Q. 2 Who among the following was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2021? (Hint: Joint awardee)

Answer Detail: Maria Ressa won the Nobel Peace Prize 2020 together with Dmitry Muratov “for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace”, in the Philippines and Russia respectively.

Q. 3 When is the International Day of Peace celebrated every year?

Answer Detail: The International Day of Peace is observed around the world on September 21. The UN General Assembly has declared this as a day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire. November 16 is observed as the International Day of Tolerance while December 10 is observed as the Human Rights Day.

Q. 4 How many peacekeeping operations are there at present?

Answer Detail: There are currently 12 peacekeeping operations led by the Department of Peace Operations, in countries/areas such as Mali (MINUSMA), Kosovo (UNMIK) and South Sudan (UNMISS).

Q. 5 Which UN body has the primary responsibility for international peace and security?

Answer Detail: The Security Council of the United Nations has the primary responsibility for international peace and security, in terms of Chapter VII (Articles 39 to 51) of the UN Charter.

Q. 6 When is the International Day of Non-Violence celebrated every year?

Answer Detail: The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence.
According to General Assembly resolution A/RES/61/271 of 15 June 2007, which established the commemoration, the International Day is an occasion to "disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness". The resolution reaffirms "the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence" and the desire "to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding and non-violence".