Quiz on SDG 8 “Decent Work and Economic Growth”

Take a fun quiz to test yourself and know more about SDG 8 i.e. Decent Work and Economic Growth.

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Q. 1 What was the global unemployment rate in the year 2020?

Answer Detail: Global unemployment increased by 33 million in 2020, with the worldwide unemployment rate rising by 1.1 percentage point compared to 2019, to 6.5%.

Q. 2 Which of the following sectors was impacted by COVID-19?

Answer Detail: The International Labour Organization (ILO) published a series of briefs which discussed the ongoing impacts of COVID-19 on various sectors of the global economy. Meat processing sector has been affected due to the impacts on the entire meat supply chain, from primary production i.e. livestock rearing to processing and retail. Construction enterprises and workers are particularly vulnerable to the drastic decline in economic activity caused by COVID-19. The Media and Culture sector has found it tough to continue with production, ranging from live performance to recorded media, under lockdown and confinement measures.

Q. 3 According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), how many new jobs need to be created by 2030 to keep pace with the growth of the working age population.

Answer Detail: The International Labour Organization (ILO) has stated that 600 million new jobs need to be created by 2030, just to keep pace with the growth of the working age population.

Q. 4 What is the approximate pay gap between men and women across all regions?

Answer Detail: Women are paid less than men, with the gender pay gap estimated at 23% globally. Gender equality continues to be held back due to the persistence of historical and structural unequal power relations between women and men. While equal pay for men and women has been widely endorsed, applying it in practice has been difficult and slow.

Q. 5 Who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 for campaigning against child labour and advocating for the universal right to education?

Answer Detail: Indian activist and social reformer Kailash Satyarthi received the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize for raising awareness about children being exploited as labor instead of attending school. Dr Denis Mukwege campaigns globally to bring the use of rape as a weapon of war to an end, and was awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize for his activism and for his outstanding services to survivors of rape.